Idei de artă abstractă
Definition of abstractAbstract meaningAbstract definition - Abstract art is art that does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of a visual reality but instead use shapes, colors, forms and gestural marks to achieve its effect Strictly speaking, the word abstract means to separate or withdraw something from something else. Abstract art is often seen as carrying a moral dimension, in that it can be seen to stand for virtues such as order, purity, simplicity and spirituality. Since the early 1900s, abstract art has formed a central stream of modern art.Abstract artists brought different genres and sub genres of abstraction into the dominant painting style of the 20th century. This influential avant-garde direction in painting derived from the request for “pure art”, abstract, non-figurative, non-objective and nonrepresentational artwork. The earliest movements toward contemporary abstraction in history of art were seen in Romanticism, Impressionism and Expressionism, where abstract artists put a greater emphasis on visual sensation than the depiction of objects. In Post Impressionist art practices of Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne is hidden the crucial impact on 20th-century modern and abstract art artists. Futurism of Carlo Carra and Umberto Boccioni entered a further stage of abstraction, while the poet Guillaume Apollinaire coined a new term Orphism for the new visual language of painting new structures out of elements that not represent reality but had been created entirely by the artist. In the search for nonrepresentational, pure art many abstract painters experimented and so the abstract art marked the first half of the 20th century.Who are the most famous abstract artists? The most celebrated and famous abstract artists are masters of their form. Early pioneers, such as Kandinsky and Delaunay experimented with color, shapes and symbols. Later in the century, in the creative explosion that was abstract expressionism, artists such as Mark Rothko and Jackson Pollock demonstrated new ways to make art and, with their huge canvases, gave us new ways to experience it.All the artists in the list above are represented in all the leading art galleries and museums around the world.Abstract painters - Every painter knows there is no such thing as “the best painter”. Someone would oppose this claim, but it’s true – art is about aesthetical perception, and it’s impossible that all human beings have the same taste. Similarly, there is no authority that would have enough legitimacy to declare someone “the best artist” or some piece “the best artwork”. When we speak about abstract art – one of the most important contemporary art movements – it’s impossible to make a list that would contain the best abstract art painters. There are thousands of amazing abstract art painters, and it would be an impossible task to sort them based on their art’s quality.Abstract expressionism - Abstract expressionism is the term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning in the 1940s and 1950s. It is often characterized by gestural brush-strokes or mark-making, and the impression of spontaneity.Abstract expressionist - The abstract expressionists were mostly based in New York City, and also became known as the New York school. The name evokes their aim to make art that while abstract was also expressive or emotional in its effect. They were inspired by the surrealist idea that art should come from the unconscious mind, and by the automatism of artist Joan Miró.
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